Biomaterials and Biocomposites

Biomaterials are those materials which have been engineered to interact with biological systems for used in basically medical purpose. to augment or replace a natural function. As a science, it’s been about fifty years old. Study of biomaterials is called biomaterials science or biomaterials engineering. Many companies investing huge amounts of money for the  development of new products. It hold within elements of medicine, biology, chemistry, tissue engineering and materials science.

A Biocomposite is a composite material composed of matrix (resin) and a reinforcement of natural fibers. These kind of materials always providing biocompatibility. The matrix phase is formed by polymers derived from renewable and non-renewable resources. The matrix is important to protect the fibers from environmental degradation and mechanical damage, to hold the fibers together and to transfer the loads on it.

In addition, biofibers are the principal components of biocomposites, which are derived from biological origins, for example fibers from crops (cotton, flax or hemp), recycled wood, waste paper, crop processing byproducts or regenerated cellulose fiber(viscose/rayon). The interest in biocomposites is rapidly growing in terms of industrial applications (automobiles, railway coach, aerospace, military applications, construction, and packaging) and fundamental research, due to its great benefits (renewable, cheap, recyclable, and biodegradable).
Biocomposites can be used alone, or as a complement to standard materials, such as carbon fiber.

  • Bio-inspired materials
  • Polysaccharides food shelf-life extention
  • Microbial cellulose for wound healing
  • Biodegradable smart implants
  • Natural and artificial chitosan
  • Polylactide (PLA) research
  • Extracellular biopolymeric flocculants
  • Lignin-containing polymer materials
  • Porous chitosan-silica hybrid microspheres
  • Nanocomposite hydrogels.
  • Calcium meta phosphate PVA bone-like biocomposites

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